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Adams v. Poland Spring Water Co.

United States District Court, D. Maine

June 6, 2019

JUSTAN ADAMS, Plaintiff,
v.
POLAND SPRING WATER CO., et al., Defendants.

          RECOMMENDED DECISION ON MOTION TO REOPEN

          JOHN C. NIVISON U.S. MAGISTRATE JUDGE

         This matter is before the Court on a filing of Plaintiff, which filing the Court construed as a motion to reopen the case. (ECF No. 13). As explained below, following a review of the pleadings, and after consideration of the filings, I recommend the Court deny Plaintiff's motion.

         Background

         On September 13, 2017, Plaintiff filed this action against Defendants. (ECF No. 1.) On September 15, 2017, the Court issued an Order that required Plaintiff to pay the filing fee or file an Application to Proceed In Forma Pauperis by October 6, 2017. (ECF No. 2.) Because Plaintiff did not respond to the Court's order, on October 13, 2017, the Court ordered Plaintiff to show cause, by October 27, 2017, as to why he had not complied with the Court's order. (ECF No. 3.) On November 6, 2017, Plaintiff filed a Motion for Leave to Proceed In Forma Pauperis. (ECF No. 4.) The Court terminated the Order to Show Cause, granted Plaintiff's motion, and advised Plaintiff that he must inform the Court by December 15, 2018, as to his intent to proceed. (Order, ECF No. 5.) Because Plaintiff failed to inform the Court of his intent to proceed, the Court ordered Plaintiff to show cause by December 27, 2017 as to why he had not complied with the Court's Order. (ECF No. 6.) When Plaintiff failed to comply with the Order to Show Cause, on January 1, 2018, I recommended that the Court dismiss the matter. (ECF No. 8). The Court affirmed the Report and Recommended Decision on February 9, 2018 (ECF No. 10), and Judgment entered on the same date. (ECF No. 11). Plaintiff filed the motion to reopen on May 28, 2019.

         Discussion

         Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 60 governs the Court's consideration of Plaintiff's request for relief from judgment. Rule 60(b) authorizes the Court to relieve a party from a judgment on the grounds of “(1) mistake, inadvertence, surprise, or excusable neglect, (2) newly discovered evidence that, with reasonable diligence, could not have been discovered in time to move for a new trial under Rule 59(b), (3) fraud (whether previously called intrinsic or extrinsic), misrepresentation, or misconduct by an opposing party, (4) the judgment is void, (5) the judgment has been satisfied; it is based on an earlier judgment that has been reversed or vacated; or applying it prospectively is no longer equitable; or (6) any other reason that justifies relief.” A party must file the motion within a reasonable time, and for grounds 1 through 3, the party must file the motion within one year of the judgment. Fed.R.Civ.P. 60(c)(1).

         First, Plaintiff did not file the motion within a year of the entry of judgment. In addition, Plaintiff has not asserted any facts that could reasonably be construed as a mistake, newly discovered evidence, or fraud as grounds for relief. Furthermore, Plaintiff has not argued that the Judgment is void, that the Judgment has been satisfied, or that a related judgment has been reversed or vacated. Finally, Plaintiff's contentions do not constitute any “other reason that justifies relief.”[1] Plaintiff, therefore, has not asserted facts that would support relief from judgment under Rule 60.

         As Plaintiff's filing reflects, Plaintiff has recently filed a number of documents in connection with dismissed cases. (ECF Nos. 13-1 - 13-6.) In addition, within the last two years, the Court has dismissed three other cases in which Plaintiff has filed motions to reopen, [2] and within the last ten years the Court has dismissed or entered summary judgment against Plaintiff in more than ten other cases.[3] None of Plaintiff's motions to reopen have merit. Given Plaintiff's many filings that lack merit, an order informing Plaintiff that filing restrictions “may be in the offing” in accordance with Cok v. Family Court of Rhode Island, 985 F.2d 32, 35 (1st Cir. 1993) is warranted.

         Conclusion

         Based on the foregoing analysis, I recommend the Court deny Plaintiff's motion to reopen the case. (ECF No. 13.) I also recommend the Court issue an order informing Plaintiff that filing restrictions “may be in the offing” in accordance with Cok v. Family Court of Rhode Island, 985 F.2d 32, 35 (1st Cir. 1993).

         NOTICE

         A party may file objections to those specified portions of a magistrate judge's report or proposed findings or recommended decisions entered pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(B) for which de novo review by the district court is sought, together with a supporting memorandum within fourteen (14) days of being served with a copy thereof. A responsive memorandum shall be filed within fourteen (14) days after the filing of the objection.

         Failure to file a timely objection shall constitute a waiver of the right to de novo review by the district court and to ...


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