Searching over 5,500,000 cases.


searching
Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Download the entire decision to receive the complete text, official citation,
docket number, dissents and concurrences, and footnotes for this case.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.

United States v. Stile

United States District Court, D. Maine

May 28, 2019

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
v.
JAMES STILE

          ORDER DENYING DEFENDANT'S MOTION TO STAY RESTITUTION PAYMENTS

          JOHN A. WOODCOCK, JR. UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE.

         The Court denies a defendant's motion to stay its order mandating that he make restitution payments beyond the victim's insurance deductible directly to the insurer of the victim of the defendant's pharmacy robbery that paid for the losses the pharmacy incurred as a result of the defendant's crime, while he appeals the Court's denial of his later-filed motion for writ of audita querela, belatedly attempting to challenge the restitution order.

         I. BACKGROUND

         On October 30, 2014, James Stile pleaded guilty to robbery of controlled substances from a DEA registered pharmacy, a violation of 18 U.S.C. § 2118(a). Min. Entry (ECF No. 541). On May 29, 2015, the Court sentenced Mr. Stile to 120 months incarceration, $13, 306.93 in restitution, a $100.00 special assessment, and five years of supervised release. J. (ECF No. 579). On November 20, 2017, the Court ordered that the judgment be amended to require that Mr. Stile pay the full restitution in the total amount of $13, 306.93, with $1, 000.02 payable to E.W. Moore & Son Pharmacy as a first priority and then $12, 306.91 payable to Hanover Insurance Company as a second priority upon completion of the $1, 000.02 payment, with a full credit for any restitution payments previously made. Order on Mot. for Sentencing Court to Set Restitution Amount at 23 (ECF No. 676) (Restitution Order). On November 28, 2017, the Court issued an amended judgment in accordance with its November 20, 2017 order. Am. J. (ECF No. 678).

         Mr. Stile strongly dislikes the Court's order requiring him to pay restitution to Hanover Insurance Company, the insurance company for the pharmacy he robbed. Although he failed to appeal the order, he has persistently attacked it collaterally. Mot. Pursuant to Fed. R. Crim. P. 32(c)(1)(B) for Gov't to Produce Victims['] Affs. Also in Accord with Title 18 U.S.C. § 3664 (ECF No. 703); Mot. for Ct. to Order Gov't/Probation Office to Dispense with Sworn Aff. Submitted by Hanover Ins. (ECF No. 709); Def.'s Mot. for a Writ of Audita Querela Pursuant to Title 28 U.S.C. § 1651 to Vacate and Correct Restitution Portion of this Ct.'s J. (ECF No. 713). The Court has repeatedly rejected Mr. Stile's attempts to collaterally attack its November 20, 2018 order. Order on Def.'s Mot. for Ct. to Order Gov't/Probation Office to Dispense with Sworn Aff. Submitted by Hanover Ins. that was to be Made in Accordance with Title 18 U.S.C. § 3664(d) at 1-9 (ECF No. 720) (Aff. Order); Order on Def.'s Mot. for the Production of Victim Affs. at 1-5 (ECF No. 706) (Production Order); Order on Def.'s Mot. for a Writ of Audita Querela Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1651 to Vacate and Correct Restitution Portion of this Ct.'s J. (ECF No. 724) (Audita Querela Order).

         Mr. Stile's latest effort is a May 6, 2019 motion to stay restitution payments to Hanover Insurance Company. Mot. to Stay Restitution Payments to Hanover Ins. Co. (ECF No. 733) (Def.'s Mot.). The Government responded to the motion on May 7, 2019. Resp. by United States of Am. to Def.'s Mot. to Stay Restitution Payments to Hanover Ins. Co. (ECF No. 734) (Gov't's Opp'n). Mr. Stile responded on May 17, 2019. Reply to Resp. of United States of Am. to Def.'s Mot. to Stay Restitution Payments to Hanover Ins. Co. (ECF No. 736) (Def.'s Reply).

         II. THE PARTIES' POSITIONS

         A. James Stile's Motion

         Mr. Stile notes that he has appealed to the Court of Appeals for the First Circuit the Court's order denying his motion for writ of audita querela. Def.'s Mot. at 1. He says that it “would be improper for this Court to enforce a judgment (restitution) that is under direct appeal to the Circuit Court without resolution first being had at the Circuit level.” Id. Mr. Stile reiterates that he agrees to pay the “remaining restitution to victim . . . that is outstanding on his loss of $1, 000.00 and the $100 Court fee.” Id.

         B. The Government's Response

         The Government states that although Federal Rule of Criminal Procedure 38(e)(1) allows a court to stay the restitution portion of a judgment pending appeal, this Rule does not apply to Mr. Stile because he is not appealing either the judgment or the amended judgment but the order denying his motion for writ of audita querela. Gov't's Opp'n at 1. Next, the Government observes that the Court properly denied the motion for writ of audita querela because Mr. Stile failed to appeal the November 20, 2017 restitution order and a writ of audita querela is not a substitute for a direct appeal. Id. Finally, the Government notes that Mr. Stile has not yet completed his payment obligation to E.W. Moore & Son Pharmacy and therefore his objection to paying Hanover is “factually unnecessary.” Id. at 1-2.

         C. James Stile's Reply

         In his reply, Mr. Stile complains that he has no access to LEXIS-NEXIS or Westlaw so he cannot research the caselaw the Government cited. Def.'s Reply at 1. He explains he has been assigned to the SHU for the past two and one-half months and is likely not to have access to his file for another two to three months. Id. Mr. Stile alleges that he has “hotly contested” his obligation to pay Hanover, complaining that he has been denied due process in the absence of a hearing to contest the amount of Hanover's payment. Id. at 1-2. Seizing on the language in the Government's response that suggests a court has the discretion to stay a restitution order pending appeal, Mr. Stile says, “Well, then let the Court exercise said discretion.” Id. at 2. He says that the Government has not claimed any prejudice to either party. Id.

         III. ...


Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Download the entire decision to receive the complete text, official citation,
docket number, dissents and concurrences, and footnotes for this case.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.