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Davis v. Global Montello Group Corp.

United States District Court, D. Maine

March 3, 2017

CAROL A. DAVIS, Plaintiff



         At the defendant's request, I held a telephone conference in this employment action to resolve a dispute over the plaintiff's refusal to respond to discovery regarding her medical, psychiatric, psychological, and other health care, on the basis of the physician-patient and psychotherapist-patient privileges. For the reasons that follow, I deny the defendant's bid for the discovery in dispute.

         The plaintiff has sued the defendant, her prior employer, for unlawful retaliation, gender discrimination, and sexual harassment/hostile work environment, seeking damages for, inter alia, mental anguish. See Complaint and Jury Trial Demand (ECF No. 1) ¶¶ 23-29, 33-49.

         The parties' dispute, as clarified during the teleconference, turned on whether the plaintiff had forfeited the psychotherapist-patient privilege by seeking damages for mental anguish in circumstances in which she has testified that she continues to suffer severe mental distress as a result of alleged sexual harassment to which she was subjected by a different employer.

         As both sides recognized, this court has held that “the mere assertion of a damages claim for ‘garden variety' or ‘incidental' emotional distress is not sufficient to constitute waiver of the psychotherapist-patient privilege.” Morrisette v. Kennebec County, No. Civ. 01-01-B-S, 2001 WL 969014, at *1 (D. Me. Aug. 21, 2001). See also Doe v. Brunswick Sch. Dep't, No. 2:15-cv-257-DBH, 2016 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 59107, at *7-*11 (D. Me. Apr. 29, 2016); Stark v. Hartt Transp. Sys., Inc., No. 2:12-CV-195-NT, 2013 WL 358266, at *9-*10 (D. Me. Jan. 28, 2013).

         This court has explained that “[g]arden variety claims refer to claims for compensation for nothing more than the distress that any healthy, well-adjusted person would likely feel as a result of being so victimized[, ]” whereas “claims for serious distress refer to claims for the inducement or aggravation of a diagnosable dysfunction or equivalent injury.” Stark, 2013 WL 358266, at *9 (citation and internal quotation marks omitted).

         In passing, the defendant challenged this court's ruling that the assertion of a garden-variety emotional distress claim does not waive the privilege. However, in the main, it argued that this case is distinguishable because the plaintiff, by her own testimony, has suffered more than garden-variety emotional distress. The defendant contended that, in fairness, it ought to be permitted to examine the requested records, which would be produced subject to an existing confidentiality order, and reopen the plaintiff's deposition for a period of up to an hour, regardless of whether such evidence ultimately might be admissible.

         In the alternative, the defendant requested that, if the court were inclined to deny its request, it do so upon the same four conditions imposed in Doe, in which the court recognized that, on the facts alleged in that complaint, “the plaintiff and her son may well have experienced emotional injuries that were, given their personal characteristics and pre-existing conditions, in excess of those that would be likely to have been experienced by ‘any healthy, well-adjusted person' who found himself in either plaintiff's alleged position.” Doe, 2016 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 59107, at *10.

         The plaintiff argued that she seeks only garden-variety emotional distress damages, and thus the privilege has not been waived. She disputed, as a factual matter, that she suffered more than garden-variety emotional distress from the defendant's alleged conduct, pointing to portions of her deposition testimony indicating that she suffered the distress at issue primarily as a result of the loss of her job and income. She stated that, precisely because she does not claim greater than garden-variety emotional distress, she would be willing to abide by the four Doe conditions.

         Treating the defendant's request for the court's assistance as an oral motion to compel the production of the discovery at issue, and taking into consideration the plaintiff's unequivocal statement that she was willing to abide by the Doe conditions, I DENIED the motion on condition that:

1. The plaintiff does not pursue any claims for damages due to a medically diagnosable mental health condition.
2. The plaintiff does not rely on any medical or mental health experts, providers, or records to prove damages.
3. The plaintiff does not seek any damages based on hospitalizations or medical or mental health treatment or evaluation.
4. The plaintiff does not seek damages for emotional distress beyond that which would likely be felt by any healthy, well-adjusted person as a result of the causes of action that she ...

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