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Evans v. United States

United States District Court, D. Maine

June 28, 2016

RONALD EVANS, Petitioner,
v.
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Respondent

          RECOMMENDED DECISION ON 28 U.S.C. § 2255 MOTION

          John C. Nivison, U.S. Magistrate Judge.

         Petitioner Ronald Evans has moved, pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2255, to vacate, set aside or correct his sentence. (Motion, ECF No. 49.) Petitioner cites Johnson v. United States, __ U.S. __, 135 S.Ct. 2551 (2015), as one of his bases for relief; he also requests relief under a 2016 amendment to the sentencing guidelines.[1] (Motion at 1, 6.)

         Petitioner pled guilty to possession with intent to distribute five grams or more of cocaine base, 21 U.S.C. § 841(a)(1). (United States v. Evans, No. 03-2201 (1st Cir. Dec. 22, 2004).) The Court sentenced Petitioner to a term of 270 months of imprisonment, to be served concurrently with another sentence, followed by a term of eight years of supervised release. (Judgment, ECF No. 33.) Petitioner appealed from the sentence, and the First Circuit affirmed. (Evans, No. 03-2201 (1st Cir. Dec. 22, 2004).) The Supreme Court vacated the First Circuit’s judgment and remanded the case “for further consideration in light of United States v. Booker, ” 543 U.S. 220 (2005). (Evans v. United States, No. 04-8041 (U.S. Feb. 28, 2005).) Following supplemental briefing, the First Circuit summarily affirmed Petitioner’s sentence. (Evans, No. 03-2201 (1st Cir. July 21, 2005).) The First Circuit docket reflects that in October 2005, the Supreme Court denied Petitioner’s petition for a writ of certiorari.

         Petitioner filed his first section 2255 motion in 2006. (Evans v. United States, No. 1:06-cv-00120-GZS, Motion, ECF No. 1.) In that motion, Petitioner asserted a claim of ineffective assistance of counsel. (Id. at 4.) The Court denied the motion. (ECF No. 13 (Recommended Decision), ECF No. 15 (Order Affirming).) Petitioner did not apply for a certificate of appealability.

         Given Petitioner’s prior section 2255 motion, the pending section 2255 motion is a second or successive motion subject to the gatekeeping requirements of 28 U.S.C. §§ 2244, 2255(h). This Court has not received an order from the First Circuit authorizing Petitioner to proceed on the motion in this Court.

         This Court lacks jurisdiction to consider a second or successive section 2255 motion unless the First Circuit has specifically authorized a petitioner to proceed on the motion. Title 28 U.S.C. § 2244 applies to second or successive section 2255 motions, pursuant to section 2255(h). Section 2244(b)(3)(A) states: “Before a second or successive application permitted by this section is filed in the district court, the applicant shall move in the appropriate court of appeals for an order authorizing the district court to consider the application.” See also First Circuit Rule 22.1. The First Circuit has held: “We have interpreted [section 2255(h)] as ‘stripping the district court of jurisdiction over a second or successive habeas petition unless and until the court of appeals has decreed that it may go forward.’” Trenkler v. United States, 536 F.3d 85, 96 (1st Cir. 2008) (quoting Pratt v. United States, 129 F.3d 54, 57 (1st Cir. 1997)). A review of the record reveals no evidence that Petitioner has applied to the First Circuit for permission and obtained permission to file the pending second or successive motion. See 28 U.S.C. §§ 2244, 2255.

         Because the record lacks any evidence that the First Circuit has authorized Petitioner to proceed on the pending motion, the Court is without jurisdiction to consider the merits of the motion. First Circuit Rule 22.1(e) provides that if a second or successive section 2255 petition is filed in the district court without the required authorization from the First Circuit, the district court “will transfer the petition to the court of appeals pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1631 or dismiss the petition.”[2] The issue, therefore, is whether the Court should dismiss or transfer the matter.

         Insofar as Petitioner relies in part on the Supreme Court’s ruling in Johnson to support his motion, and given the one-year limitations period for filing Johnson-related motions, transfer is appropriate.[3] See United States v. Barrett, 178 F.3d 34, 41 n.1 (1st Cir. 1999) (holding that transfer is not mandated, but noting “that transfer may be preferable in some situations in order to deal with statute of limitations problems or certificate of appealability issues”); In re Watkins, 810 F.3d 375, 378 (6th Cir. 2015) (noting that the district court had transferred to the circuit court, pursuant to section 1631, a second or successive section 2255 motion for the circuit court to consider whether to authorize the motion as a second or successive section 2255 motion).

         Conclusion

         Based on the foregoing analysis, I recommend the Court transfer the pending section 2255 motion to the First Circuit, pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1631 and First Circuit Rule 22.1(e). I further recommend that the Court deny a certificate of appealability pursuant to Rule 11 of the Rules Governing Section 2255 Cases because there is no substantial showing of the denial of a constitutional right within the meaning of 28 U.S.C. § 2253(c)(2).

         NOTICE

         A party may file objections to those specified portions of a magistrate judge’s report or proposed findings or recommended decisions entered pursuant to 28 U.S.C. 636(b)(1)(B) for which de novo review by the district court is sought, together with a supporting memorandum, within fourteen (14) days of being served with a copy thereof. A responsive memorandum shall be filed within fourteen (14) days after the filing of the objection.

         Failure to file a timely objection shall constitute a waiver of the right to de novo review by the district court and ...


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