May 12, 2015
MALCOLM HALLIDAY et al.
KATHRYN W. HENRY et al
Submitted On Briefs April 23, 2015.
On the briefs: Ingigerdur and Malcolm Halliday, appellants, Pro se.
Jessica Adler Coro, Esq., Law Offices of Schulte & Moore, Portland, for appellees Robert N. Center and Kathryn W. Henry.
Panel: SAUFLEY, C.J., and ALEXANDER, MEAD, GORMAN, and JABAR, JJ.
[¶1] Malcolm and Ingigerdur Halliday appeal from a summary judgment entered in the Superior Court (Cumberland County, Wheeler, J. ) in favor of Kathryn W. Henry and Robert N. Center on the Hallidays' complaint for statutory nuisance pursuant to 17 M.R.S. § 2808 (2014). The Hallidays contend that the court erred in determining that their complaint was barred by the statute of limitations. We affirm the judgment.
[¶2] On June 27, 2013, the Hallidays, unrepresented, filed a complaint in the Superior Court against their Harpswell neighbors, Henry and Center, alleging one count of statutory nuisance pursuant to 17 M.R.S. § 2808. The Hallidays alleged that Henry and Center's 2004 construction of a new home and garage redirected water runoff onto the Hallidays' adjacent property, resulting in damage to the Hallidays' home.
[¶3] In June of 2014, Henry and Center moved for a summary judgment on the ground that the Hallidays' complaint was barred by the statute of limitations. The Hallidays did not oppose the motion. Henry and Center's unopposed statements of material facts, which are supported by references to the evidentiary record, establish the following facts. See M.R. Civ. P. 56(h); Dyer v. Dep't of Transp., 2008 ME 106,
¶ 15, 951 A.2d 821.
[¶4] Henry and Center obtained the requisite approvals from the Town to replace the existing cottage with a new home and to construct a detached garage on their property in 2003. Construction was completed in 2004. On January 5, 2005, the Town's Code Enforcement Officer issued a certificate of compliance certifying that the new cottage and garage adhered to all land use standards. In the spring of 2005, the Hallidays complained to Henry and Center that runoff from Henry and Center's yard had caused damage to the Hallidays' property. Henry and Center's contractor assessed the situation and informed them that the construction was not the cause of runoff to the Hallidays' property. In an overabundance of caution, however, Henry and Center added a large swale on their property to ensure that no such runoff could occur.
[¶5] By judgment dated August 12, 2014, the court granted Henry and Center's motion after concluding that the Hallidays' complaint was barred by the statute of limitations. The court did not conduct a hearing on the summary judgment motion. The Hallidays did not seek any additional relief in the trial court, but instead filed this appeal.
[¶6] The Hallidays challenge the court's entry of a summary judgment in favor of Henry and Center on statute of limitations grounds. We consider the summary judgment de novo by viewing all facts in the light most favorable to the Hallidays, as the nonprevailing parties, to determine if any genuine dispute of material fact exists for trial and if the moving party is entitled to a judgment as a matter
of law. Cote Corp. v. Kelley Earthworks, Inc., 2014 ME 93,
¶ 8, 97 A.3d 127.
[¶7] When a party moves for summary judgment, the opposing party " must explicitly admit, deny, or qualify facts by reference to each numbered paragraph [of the moving party's statements of material facts], and a denial or qualification must be supported by a record citation." Dyer, 2008 ME 106,
¶ 15, 951 A.2d 821 (quotation marks omitted); see M.R. Civ. P. 56(h)(2). If the nonmoving party does not properly controvert those statements of fact, all facts as set out by the moving party are deemed admitted, as long as each material fact is otherwise supported by an appropriate record reference. M.R. Civ. P. 56(h)(4); Cote Corp., 2014 ME 93,
¶ 8, 97 A.3d 127.
[¶8] The Hallidays did not oppose Henry and Center's motion for summary judgment, and therefore all facts in Henry and Center's statements of material facts that are supported by appropriate record citations must be deemed admitted. Henry and Center's statements of material facts, which are supported by appropriate citations to the summary judgment record, establish that their construction was completed in 2004, the Hallidays first complained to them about the runoff in 2005, and the Hallidays did not file their complaint until 2013.
[¶9] The admitted facts establish as a matter of law that the Hallidays' complaint is barred by either limitations period that could be held to apply. See 14 M.R.S. § 752 (2014) (establishing a six-year limitations period for civil actions); 17 M.R.S. § 2808 (setting out a three-year limitations period for statutory nuisance claims). Based on the summary judgment record, the Hallidays' cause of action accrued no later than 2005, when the Hallidays first complained to Henry and Center that their property was flooded as a result of the construction. Although the Hallidays might have attempted to establish a later accrual date by arguing that the runoff constituted a continuing nuisance, their failure to do so, coupled with the fact that it is the Hallidays' burden to establish the timeliness of their complaint on a prima facie basis, precludes us from concluding that the date of accrual is indeed genuinely in dispute. See Angell v. Hallee, 2012 ME 10,
¶ 11, 36 A.3d 922 (" Once the defendant has successfully raised the statute of limitations defense, the plaintiff must make a prima facie showing of facts that would support the tolling [of the statute of limitations]." ). Thus, the unopposed summary judgment record established that the Hallidays' complaint was untimely.
[¶10] Although the Hallidays argue that they did not receive notice of any summary judgment hearing, their failure
to respond to the motion gave the court no reason to schedule a hearing. See M.R. Civ. P. 7(b)(1)(A) (" [F]ailure to file timely opposition [to a motion] will be deemed a waiver of all objections to the motion, which may be granted without further notice or hearing." ). Finally, we decline Henry and Center's invitation to dismiss the appeal for the Hallidays' failure to comply with M.R. App. P. 9 as to their brief, and M.R. App. P. 8 as to their appendix.
The entry is: