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Inman v. Landry

United States District Court, D. Maine

April 17, 2015

FRANK INMAN, Petitioner
v.
SCOTT LANDRY, Respondent

RECOMMENDED DECISION ON MOTION FOR BAIL PENDING HABEAS RULING

JOHN C. NIVISON, Magistrate Judge.

In March 2015, Petitioner Frank Inman filed a petition seeking relief pursuant to 28 U.S.C. ยง 2254, in which petition he alleged ineffective assistance of counsel and other claims. This Court ordered the State to answer on or before May 26, 2015, and the State's answer has not yet been filed.

Petitioner filed two motions for bail. (ECF Nos. 6, 7.)[1] Petitioner asserts that (1) he has Huntington's disease and is being denied proper medical treatment in prison; (2) he is being housed too far from his family and visits therefore are not feasible; (3) prison staff have filed false reports to prevent his transfer or participation in prison programs; and (4) staff and other inmates are treating him poorly in retaliation for his civil actions. (ECF Nos. 5 at 1; 6 at 1.) In one of his letters to the Court, Petitioner alleges that he is being targeted for mistreatment by other prisoners and his life will be at risk if he is transferred to the Maine State Prison. (ECF No. 7.)

As explained below, following a review of the pleadings, including Petitioner's letters, the recommendation is that the Court deny Petitioner's request for bail.

In a habeas petitioner's unopposed motion for bail pending the disposition of his petition for certiorari, Justice Rehnquist concluded, "it is no part of the function of the federal courts to allow bail in federal habeas review of state proceedings" in the absence of "extraordinary circumstances, " even when the State did not oppose bail. McGee v. Alaska, 463 U.S. 1339, 1340 (1983) (Rehnquist, J.); Aronson v. May, 85 S.Ct. 3, 5 (1964) (Douglas, J.) (concluding that a petitioner seeking bail pending review of a collateral proceeding must demonstrate a substantial question and exceptional circumstances).

The First Circuit has also noted: "While the federal power remains, we regard a petitioner who has had a full trial and appeal as in a very different posture than if there had been no prior judicial determination of his rights. Nowhere is this more significant than with regard to bail." Glynn v. Donnelly, 470 F.2d 95, 97 (1st Cir. 1972). In Glynn, the First Circuit held that after a defendant has been convicted and the conviction upheld, there is no presumption favoring bail, but rather

the state acquires a substantial interest in executing its judgment. Quite apart from principles of comity, this combination of factors dictates a formidable barrier for those who seek interim release while they pursue their collateral remedies.... Both in the district court, and on appeal, in the absence of exceptional circumstances - whatever that may include - the court will not grant bail prior to the ultimate final decision unless petitioner presents not merely a clear case on the law, but a clear, and readily evident, case on the facts.

Id. at 98 (citations omitted). "Release should be granted to an offender pending collateral review only when the petitioner has raised substantial constitutional claims upon which he has a high probability of success, and also when extraordinary or exceptional circumstances exist which make the grant of bail necessary to make the habeas remedy effective." United States v. Vogel, 595 F.Appx. 416, 416-17 (5th Cir. 2015) (quotation marks omitted). "This much is clear: federal courts very rarely find exceptional circumstances' and very rarely release petitioners before ruling on the merits of their claims. Indeed, there seem to be but a handful of decisions in which federal courts have released petitioners pending review of their claims." Blocksom v. Klee, 2015 WL 300261, at *4 & n.2, 2015 U.S. Dist. Lexis 6974, *12 (E.D. Mi. Jan. 22, 2015) (citing Puertas v. Overton, 272 F.Supp.2d 621 (E.D. Mi. 2003) (holding that the petitioner's grave medical condition, combined with his showing of a substantial claim of law, justified the grant of the petitioner's motion for a bond pending review of his petition)).

Here, while Petitioner has identified certain medical concerns that he believes justify bail, he has failed to assert facts that constitute "exceptional circumstances." In fact, although in one of his civil actions, Petitioner alleges that he has experienced "shaking, muscle spasms, chest pain, difficulty breathing and trouble walking or standing" (Complaint, No. 2:15-cv-00081-JAW, ECF No. 1 at 3), [2] Petitioner has not filed any evidence or records to confirm or corroborate his condition, the treatment that is required, or why his condition requires his release. Furthermore, on the current record, one cannot discern whether Petitioner's substantive claims are meritorious. In short, Petitioner has failed to demonstrate the necessary "exceptional circumstances" to justify bail.

CONCLUSION

Based on the foregoing analysis, the recommendation is that the Court deny Petitioner's Motions for Bail (ECF Nos. 6, 7).

NOTICE

A party may file objections to those specified portions of a magistrate judge's report or proposed findings or recommended decisions entered pursuant to 28 U.S.C. Section 636(b)(1)(B) for which de novo review by the district court is sought, together with a supporting memorandum, within fourteen (14) days of being served with a copy thereof. A responsive memorandum shall be filed within fourteen (14) days after the filing of the objection.
Failure to file a timely objection shall constitute a waiver of the right to de novo review by the district court and to appeal the district court's order.

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