United States District Court, D. Maine
RECOMMENDED DECISION ON 28 U.S.C. § 2255 MOTION
JOHN C. NIVISON, Magistrate Judge.
In August 2013, Petitioner Jarrod Jamieson filed a motion pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2255, contesting his 2010 conviction and sentence. Petitioner was convicted of conspiracy to possess with intent to distribute oxycodone and possession with intent to distribute oxycodone. Petitioner's amended section 2255 motion is now pending. (ECF No. 45.)
In this matter, Petitioner argues that the weapons enhancement imposed as part of his sentence rendered his guilty plea unknowing and involuntary, and that the enhancement was in violation of new law, announced in Alleyne v. United States, 133 S.Ct. 2151 (2013), which law he argues applies retroactively to the 2010 conviction and sentence. (Amended Motion at 4.) The recommendation is that the Court deny relief and dismiss the motion.
I. FACTS AND PROCEDURAL HISTORY
Pursuant to a sealed two-count indictment, in November 2009, the Government charged Petitioner with conspiracy to distribute and possess with intent to distribute oxycodone from March 1, 2009, to July 24, 2009 (count one); and with possession with intent to distribute oxycodone on or about July 24, 2009 (count two). (Sealed Indictment, ECF No. 2.) At the plea hearing, in response to the Court's inquiry, Petitioner represented that he did not disagree with anything in the prosecution version of the case. (Prosecution Version, ECF No. 20; Plea Tr. at 12, ECF No. 50.)
According to the Government's version of the case, the evidence at trial would have consisted of telephone records and the testimony of law enforcement agents, two cooperating defendants, and a certified laboratory chemist. The evidence would have established that on July 24, 2009, when Petitioner's roommate, who was cooperating with law enforcement after having been the subject of a search that day, asked Petitioner for sixty pills, Petitioner told the roommate that sixty oxycodone pills were hidden in a closet in their shared bedroom at their residence in Brewer, Maine. The Government also represented that upon a search of the closet, agents found forty-seven 80-mg pills in a plastic tote. They also found Petitioner's photo ID, miscellaneous paperwork, and approximately $1, 400 in United States currency. (Prosecution Version at 1-2.)
At the direction of law enforcement agents, Petitioner's roommate asked Petitioner for another thirteen pills, and Petitioner agreed to supply them. Petitioner arranged to meet the roommate at a location in Bangor. The roommate and an agent appeared at the location. When agents approached Petitioner's vehicle, he ran, but was soon apprehended. The agent found thirteen 80-mg oxycodone pills in a small plastic bag on Petitioner's person, and ten and one-half 80-mg oxycodone pills and $1, 348 in United States currency in another bag in Petitioner's possession.
After Petitioner's arrest, he admitted that (1) he paid $60 per pill from his supplier: (2) he sold 80-mg pills for $80 to $100 apiece; (3) he had been selling 80-mg pills for the past four months; (4) he sold fifty to 100 pills per day; and (5) he had been staying at the searched residence in Brewer for approximately one week. The roommate would have testified that from March 2009 until the day of his arrest, he was receiving pills from Petitioner and selling between twenty and forty 80-mg pills per day; that Petitioner would front the pills, and the roommate would sell them, keeping $10 per pill in profit and returning the rest of the money to Petitioner; and that on July 24, 2009, he received twenty 80-mg pills from Petitioner, sold them, then received an additional twenty-five pills, which were the ones that agents found on the roommate. (Prosecution Version at 2-3.) Another cooperating witness would have testified that he purchased pills from Petitioner's roommate beginning in February or March 2009, and that he understood that Petitioner supplied the pills to the roommate. The witness was also prepared to testify that when the roommate was not available, he purchased pills from Petitioner. (Prosecution Version at 3.)
The Court conducted a plea hearing pursuant to Fed. R. Crim. P. 11. (ECF Nos. 30, 50.) In the colloquy that preceded the Court's acceptance of the plea, the Court explained to Petitioner that Petitioner was subject to a maximum term of imprisonment of not more than twenty years, and that he was subject to a term of supervised release ranging from a minimum of three years to a maximum of life. (Plea Tr. at 7.) The Court explained to Petitioner that if he violated the terms of his supervised release, he could be sentenced to imprisonment for a period not to exceed two years. (Plea Tr. at 7.) The Court asked counsel if there were any issue concerning a sentencing floor, and counsel replied that there was not. (Plea Tr. at 7.) The Court also asked Petitioner whether he disagreed with anything set forth in the Government's version of the offense, and Petitioner replied that he did not. (Plea Tr. at 12.) After confirming that the parties did not have a plea agreement, the Court explained to Petitioner that the Court may or may not accept the prosecutor's sentencing recommendations; that the Court may impose a sentence more or less severe than that recommended by the prosecutor or that was indicated by the sentencing guidelines; and that Petitioner would not have the right to withdraw his plea after the Court announced the sentence. (Plea Tr. at 12-14.)
At the conclusion of the hearing, which included the Court's extended inquiry to determine whether the plea was both knowing and voluntary, the Court found that there was a factual basis for the plea, that Petitioner was competent to enter the plea, that he understood his rights and the minimum and maximum punishment, that the plea was not coerced, and that Petitioner knowingly and voluntarily entered the plea. On that basis, the Court accepted the plea. (Plea Tr. at 15-16.)
At sentencing, Petitioner objected to the Government's proposed two-level weapons enhancement for the firearm that was found under Petitioner's roommate's mattress. (Sentencing Tr. at 4, ECF No. 51.) The Court noted that Petitioner was living with the roommate, who had separately pleaded guilty to conspiracy-to-possess charges. Two days before Petitioner's arrest, two men stole oxycodone pills and cash from Petitioner's roommate. The roommate then took his father's 9-millimeter handgun, loaded it, and put it under his mattress. Petitioner slept on a futon in a shared bedroom. (Sentencing Tr. at 7.) The roommate testified before the grand jury that he showed the gun to Petitioner and that Petitioner knew that the gun was being kept in the shared room along with the oxycodone. (Sentencing Tr. at 5-7; Attachment to Government's Response, ECF No. 54-1.) The Court found that Petitioner had constructive possession of the handgun, which is sufficient for the imposition of the sentencing enhancement. Alternatively, the Court found that the gun was part of a broader drug trafficking conspiracy, which also would justify the enhancement. (Sentencing Tr. at 6-10.)
At sentencing, the Court determined that Petitioner was responsible for 3, 298 kilograms of marijuana equivalent, for a base offense level of 34. (Sentencing Tr. at 18.) From a base offense level of 34, the Court reached a total offense level of 31 by: (1) adding two levels for the handgun, pursuant to USSG § 2D1.1(b)(1); (2) subtracting two levels under the "safety valve" provisions of USSG § 5C1.2(a); and (3) subtracting three levels for acceptance of responsibility, pursuant to USSG § 3E1.1. (Sentencing Tr. at 18.) With a criminal history category of I, the applicable guideline range was 108 to 135 months. (Sentencing Tr. at 18-19.) The Court imposed a prison term of 108 months on each of the counts, to be served concurrently, and imposed a term of three years of supervised release on each of the counts, to be served concurrently. (Sentencing Tr. at 39; Judgment at 2-3.)
The Court entered judgment in July 2010, and Petitioner did not file an appeal. He filed the pending section 2255 motion in August 2013, which was just over three years after the July 2010 judgment. In response to the Court's directive, the Government responded to the Petition, and asked that the Court ...